A209 - Athenian hoplite
ref. EK Castings Zinnfigur - A209 - Hoplite
A209 - Athenian hoplite - 490 BC
September 12 490 BC there was a famous battle of Marathon. The army of the Persian king Darius, berths on ships to the coast of Attica, near the village of Marathon, intended to conquer Athens. The Greeks sought help from Sparta, and with a 10-thousand army under the command of the archon Kallimaha out against the enemy.
The Spartans were delayed because they were busy with worship. Greek infantry reached 9000, and 600 Athenian hoplites plateyskih. Miltiades - one of the ten strategists was promoted to army leadership. He built a phalanx, the maximum stretching her system at the front and reduce the number of ranks in the middle. In this case both side rested on the slopes and is further amplified and legkovooruzhonnoy hoplites best infantry. When approaching Persians ran phalanx marched out to meet them to quickly overcome space, shooting Persian archers. Infantry and cavalry of the Persians broke through the center of the Greek system, but the strong wings of the phalanx took ticks most efficient part of the Persian army. The idea of Miltiades was justified, the Persians fled. Persian losses were 6,400 killed, the others managed to sink to the ships and go to sea. In 192 the Athenian hoplites among whom was archon Callimachus were killed.
Hoplite equipment consists of a bronze Corinthian helmet with a hair comb, fortified bronze plates on the sides. Carapace (linothorax) is reinforced by a bronze scales torso line. On his feet Leggings (knemidy) and leather sandals. Double-edged sword sheathed, equipped with the mouth and the tip of ivory. Shield-Aspis is decorated with a black marathon bull is a symbol of hoplites veterans. By the bottom of the shield is attached leather apron-curtain that protects the feet from the arrows, javelins and throwing stones.
On the scene of the battle in Athens he was sent a messenger with the news of victory. Hardly before reaching the city and telling the joyful tidings, he fell down dead from exhaustion. In honor of the courageous hero of the Athenians began to hold competitions in running for "marathon" of 42 km 195 m.